Series 15 - Correspondence and Biographical Papers: English and French Collections 1879-1993
Oxford University Museum of Natural History


Date Range1879 - 1993
ProvenanceWestlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Description

This series comprises mostly of correspondence, notes and published papers related to Ernest Westlake’s English and French geological researches and collections formed from the 1870s until his journey to Tasmania in 1908. The authors of most the letters, notes and publications are:

1. Ernest Westlake, from about 1879-1922
2. Justin B. Delair, from about 1955-1985
3. Aubrey Westlake, from about 1923-1993

Note: There are substantial notes and notebooks relating to Ernest Westlake's French Collection in Series 12, Westlake Collection, Manuscript Collections, Pitt Rivers Museum and also in Series 16, Westlake Archive, Oxford Natural History Museum.

Many of Aubrey Westlake’s letters dating from the same period, and with several of the same correspondents included in this series, are located in Series 2, Westlake Collection, Manuscript Collections, Pitt Rivers Museum, and in Series 13, the Westlake Collection Related Documents File 1934.83-86, Pitt Rivers Museum.

The folder numbers shown in the 'Control' field under each item were assigned by the Oxford University Museum of Natural History.


Inventory Listing

Ernest Westlake correspondence: geology, 1879-1922
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'Letters received by E. Westlake' containing postcards and letters from various correspondents including Henry Balfour, George Dartnell and Arthur Rowe and related mostly to geology. Includes associated envelopes, illustrations and lists.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: I.1.
Date range 1879 - c. 1922    Quantity 2.5 cm, 1 file
Formats General Correspondence
Inventory Identifier WEST00350 Box Number 1 Series 15
Ernest Westlake correspondence to his cousin Marien: geology, 1877-1879
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'Letters to a cousin - Marien(?) - geological' containing three letters from Ernest Westlake addressed to 'My dear Marien' and signed 'your affectionate cousin, Ernest Westlake'. The first letter, which is extensive, includes small hand-drawn illustrations and chemical formulae within the text.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: I.2.
Date range 1877 - 1879    Quantity 1 cm, 1 file
Formats General Correspondence and Illustrations
Inventory Identifier WEST00351 Box Number 1 Series 15
Ernest Westlake correspondence: Aubrey Westlake, 1919
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'Letter concerning Westlake's son, Aubrey, 4 Jan. 1919' containing a letter from Eric Boston to Ernest Westlake informing the latter that Aubrey Westlake has been unwell; and a letter to Eric Boston from Ernest Westlake on The Order of Woodcraft Chivalry letterhead which looks to be a draft.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: I.3.
Date range 4 January 1919 - 9 January 1919    Quantity 0.5 cm, 1 file
Formats General Correspondence and Drafts
Inventory Identifier WEST00352 Box Number 1 Series 15
Ernest and Aubrey Westlake: French collection, 1920-1922
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'Letters (and typewritten extracts from letters) from E. Westlake to his son Aubrey' containing two handwritten letters from Ernest Westlake to his son Aubrey Westlake concerning his French eoliths collection, dated 1920 and 1922.

Also includes a typewritten sheet headed "Extracts from a letter written re. Aurilliac [Aurillac - the 'i' has been crossed out by hand] collection by Ernest Westlake to his son - November 11th, 1920.", and a handwritten extract headed "Letter from Ernest Westlake to his son Dec. [December] 8th 1921."

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: I.4.
Date range 1920 - 1922    Quantity 0.5 cm, 1 file
Formats General Correspondence and Loose Notes
Inventory Identifier WEST00353 Box Number 1 Series 15
Part of a draft of a memoir of his father by Aubrey Westlake
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'Part of a draft of a memoir of his father by Aubrey Westlake' containing one and a half pages handwritten in grey lead pencil, including corrections.

Further notes and cross references

There are 3 pages of handwritten notes by Aubrey Westlake entitled 'Biographical Notes of Ernest Westlake' dated 13 August 1976, [images 54-57, WEST00012, 'Aubrey Westlake Correspondence: Tasmanian Collection, 1923-1976', Series 2, Westlake Papers, Manuscript Collecctions, Pitt Rivers Museum]. Further biographical notes about Ernest Westlake are enclosed in: [image 376, WEST00415, Letter to W. J. Sollas from Aubrey Westlake, 22 January 1923, 'Notes by W.J. Sollas', Series 12, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers.] [See also: Aubrey Westlake, 1923].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: I.5.
Date range 1893? - 1985?, No dates - the date range provided is that of Aubrey Westlake's life.    Quantity 0.5 cm, 1 file
Formats Drafts
Inventory Identifier WEST00354 Box Number 1 Series 15
Correspondence: French Collection 1923-1993 part 1
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'Correspondence concerning Westlake's fossil and 'eolith' collections 1923-1993 (mainly with his son, Aubrey Westlake)' which contains, at the front, a photocopied sheet headed: "Correspondence to and from E. Westlake & A.T. Westlake on Eoliths and Tasmanian Artefacts. (with newsclippings and offprints of articles on same)" followed by a list of correspondents as follows:

Donald Baden-Powell
Henry Balfour
Peter Burkitt
E.D. Cecil
Prof. Capitan
B.A.L. Cranstone
Henri Delporte
J.A. Douglas
F. Hodson
R.R. Inskeep
G. Maynard
P.S. Peberdy
N.J.B. Plomley
T.G.C. Powell
T.K. Penniman
J. Reid-Moir [Reid Moir]
Derek Row [Roe]
Rutter & Rutter - solicitors
W.J. Sollas
H.P.G. Unsworth

Included within the item are two groups of letters contained within folded sheets of paper, the first containing letters from Henry Balfour [images 46-75] and the second primarily containing letters from J. Reid Moir [images 81-131] Also in this item are letters from W. J. Sollas [images 28-45].

Note: not all the correspondents in this list are included in this item; they continue in Correspondence: French Collection 1923-1993 parts 2 and 3 [WEST00356 and WEST00357].

Further notes and cross references:

There is correspondence between Aubrey Westlake and Henry Balfour from the same period in: [images 2-15, WEST00012, 'Correspondence: Tasmanian Collection 1923-1976', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

There is one letter from Aubrey Westlake to W. J. Sollas dated 22 January 1923 that gives biographcial information about Ernest Westlake: [image 376, WEST00415, 'Notes by W. J. Sollas', Series 12, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

For further information about J. Reid Moir's research on the Ernest Westlake French collection see: [WEST00040, 'Notes regarding French 'eoliths' and geology', Series 12, in Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy, Stories in Stone: an annotated history and guide to the collections and papers of Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2012].

Narrative accounts drawn, in part, from correspondence in this item are told in: [Rebe Taylor, 2004] and in Brecknell, Stella,' A dubious inheritance: Ernest Westlake's 'eolith' collections', WEST00349, Series 15, Westlake Archive, Oxford University Museum of Natural History.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: I.6(i).
Date range 1922 - 1993, Mostly 1920s-1930s.    Quantity 2.5 cm, 1 file
Formats General Correspondence, News Clippings, Photocopied Documents and Lists
Inventory Identifier WEST00355 Box Number 1 Series 15
Correspondence: French Collection 1923-1993 part 2
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'Correspondence concerning Westlake's fossil and 'eolith' collections' continued. This item is part 2 of 'Correspondence: French Collection 1923-1993' (WEST00355).

Most of correspondence is with Aubrey Westlake and concerns Ernest Westlake's French eolith collection. It includes correpondents listed in the front of the item WEST00355. There are letters from T. K. Penniman dating from 1939-1940 [images 2-16], a list of Ernest Westlake's geological collections for insurance purposes (which states he had 7000 French eoliths) [image 17] and correspondence with Donald Baden-Powell dating from 1952-1967 [images 66-105].

Further notes and cross references:

There are letters between T. K. Penniman and Aubrey Westlake from the same time period in: [images 10-19, WEST00338, 'Tasmanian Collection: Related Documents. 1934.83 - 86, part 2', Series 13, Pitt Rivers Museum and images 20-21, WEST00012, 'Aubrey Westlake Correspondence: Tasmanian Collection, 1923-1976', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Several published sources state that Ernest Westlake brought about 4000 to 5000 eoliths into England including [Justin B. Delair, 1981: images 5-39, Publications by Ernest Westlake, Justin B. Delair and others, 1853-1985 part 1, Series 15, Westlake Archive, Oxford University Museum of Natural History] and [Derek Edgell, 1992: 11-12].

For other accounts of Ernest Westlake's journey to Aurillac see: [Jean Westlake, 1982 and 2000: 18-19].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: I.6(ii).
Date range 1923 - 1967    Quantity 1 cm, 1 file
Formats General Correspondence, Photocopied Documents and Lists
Inventory Identifier WEST00356 Box Number 1 Series 15
Correspondence: French Collection 1923-1993 part 3
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'Correspondence concerning Westlake's fossil and 'eolith' collections' continued. This item is part 3 of 'Correspondence: French Collection 1923-1993' (WEST00356).

Most of correspondence is with Aubrey Westlake and includes letters relating to the transfer of Ernest Westlake's English Collection from Hampshire to the University of Southampton in 1961 and the de-accessioning of Ernest Westlake's French Collection from the Pitt Rivers Museum in 1980 [images 40-76]. It includes correpondents listed in the front of the item WEST00355.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: I.6(iii).
Date range 1960 - 2005    Quantity 1 cm, 1 file
Formats General Correspondence, Loose Notes, Photocopied Documents and Lists
Inventory Identifier WEST00357 Box Number 1 Series 15
Justin B. Delair's research notes, drafts, publications and other related publications
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'J.B. Delair's research notes and drafts of publications and photocopies, etc. of other related publications - mainly on E. Westlake and the Nursling and Braishfield [Hants.] finds'.

Further notes and cross references

Delair, Justin B., 1981: ‘Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), Geologist and Prehistorian with a synopsis of his field notebooks’, The Geological Curator 13(2&3), 133-152.

Delair, Justin B., 1985: ‘Ernest Westlake (1855-1922) Founder Member of the Hampshire Field Club’, Hampshire Field Club Archaeological Society, 41, 37-44.

Justin B. Delair studied Westlake's English collection and papers when they were located in the Southampton University from 1961 -1999 .

See the English and French Collections Timeline for further information.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: I.7.
Date range 1955? - 1981?, Many items not dated. The approximate date range provided is based on references and dated items.    Quantity 2 cm, 1 file
Formats Graphs, Illustrations, Drafts, Maps, News Clippings, Loose Notes, Photocopied Documents and Lists
Inventory Identifier WEST00358 Box Number 1 Series 15
Photographs: 'H. P. S'
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'Photographs (personal)' containing an envelope inscribed: "H.P.S. & Miscellaneous" in which are six black and white photographs. The photographs include images of broken windows, interiors of house/s and a man holding a child with a pistol. The description 'personal' inscribed here was by an archivist of the Oxford University Museum of Natural History after 1999.

Further notes and cross references'

The photographs may relate to Ernest Westlake's research into haunted houses and psychical phenomena. Is it possible that the acronym 'H. P. S' on the envelope stands for the Hampshire Psychical Society?

In the mid 1880s Ernest Westlake was a visitor of Auberon Herbert, third son of the Earl of Carnarvon who had chosen to live in a make-shift house in the New Forest where they discussed the establishment of a Hampshire Psychical Society: [Philip Hoare, 2005: 415-416].

For more inforation about Ernest Westlake's psychical research see: WEST00402, 'Correspondence 1881-1889', Series 17, in Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy, Stories in Stone: an annotated history and guide to the collections and papers of Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2012.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: II.1.
Date range 1850? - 1900?, No dates - the date range provided is an estimate only.    Quantity 0.5 cm, 1 file
Formats Loose Photographic Prints
Inventory Identifier WEST00359 Box Number 2 Series 15
Household expenditure (notebooks), and Fragments of paper with misc. jottings
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'Household expenditure (notebooks), and Fragments of paper with misc. Jottings'. It includes a page handwritten in ink by Ernest Westlake entitled 'Estimate for Years Expenditure of E + L Westlake 1892'. five small notebooks containing the details of household expenditure. The pages of these notebooks have not been digitally imaged.

Further notes and cross references

Ernest Westlake married Lucy Westlake, nee Rutter in 1891. They suffered considerable financial losses from 1899, resulting in relative poverty.

[Derek Edgell, 1992; Justin B. Delair, 1981 and 1985; Rebe Taylor, 2004; and Jean Westlake, 1982 and 2000].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: II.2.
Date range 1890? - 1900?    Quantity 1 cm, 1 file
Formats Numeric Data, Loose Notes and Lists
Inventory Identifier WEST00360 Box Number 2 Series 15
Ernest Westlake's notes and correspondence: Woldringham Sanatorium plans, 1913
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'Notebook, and loose sheets concerning the notion of acquiring land adjacent to his property at Woldingham, Surrey (Nothing ever became of these ideas expressed here)'. It contains correspondence from 1913 between Ernest Westlake and Clarence Rutter, his cousin and manager of his financial estatate.

It also includes notes, mostly contained in a notebook, by Ernest Westlake for the establishment of a sanatorium that was to be run by Aubrey Westlake and would include a museum for Ernest Westlake's collections, a golf course, baths, a home for two families, vegetable gardens and public accomodation. As the Oxford University Museum of Natural History archivist has noted on the paper enclosing these notes: 'nothing ever became of these ideas expressed here'.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: II.3.
Date range c. 1913    Quantity 1.5 cm, 1 file
Formats Maps, Notebooks and Loose Notes
Inventory Identifier WEST00361 Box Number 2 Series 15
Publications by Ernest Westlake, Justin B. Delair and others, 1853-1985, part 1
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: Publications by or about E. Westlake, or associated with his particular interests'. It includes:

Delair, Justin B., 1981: ‘Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), Geologist and Prehistorian with a synopsis of his field notebooks’, The Geological Curator 13(2&3), 133-152 [images 5-39].

Westlake, Ernest, 1888: Tabular Index to the Upper Cretaceous Fossils of England and Ireland , Fordingbridge, Titus Mitchell [images 40-67].

Westlake, Ernest, 1889: Outlines of the Geology of Fordingbridge and Neighbourhood including the Valley of the Avon, Fordingbridge, Titus Mitchell [images 68-84].

Westlake, Ernest, 1902: The Antiquity of Man in Hampshire: Notes on Recent Discoveries in the Valley of the Avon’, in Kings Fordingbridge Alamanac, Fordingbridge, W. H. King and Co. [images 85-91].

Extracts from Plomley, N. J. B, 1976;. A word-list of the Tasmanian Aboriginal languages Launceston, in association with the Government of Tasmania [images 96-104].

Balfour, Henry, 1925: 'The Status of the Tasmanians Among the Stone-Age People', Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia, 5(1), 1-15 [images 105-116].

Baden-Powell, D. F. W., 1955: 'The Suffolk Crag', Transactions of the Suffolk Naturalists Society, 9(3): 1-8 [images 117-121]. A hand written note on the front cover states 'Westlake collection, p. 4!'.

A handwritten copy of a reworked and extended version of Henry Balfour's paper is held in: [WEST00334, Series 14, Manuscript Collections Pitt Rivers Museum, Balfour Papers].

For more information about Henry Balfour's work, see: [WEST00334, 'Stone Implements of the Natives of Tasmania, by Henry Balfour FRS, Curator of the Pitt Rivers Museum 1891-1939', Series 14, in Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy, Stories in Stone: an annotated history and guide to the collections and papers of Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2012.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: III.(i).
Date range 1853 - 1985    Quantity 3 cm, 1 file
Formats Drafts and Photocopied Documents
Inventory Identifier WEST00362 Box Number 2 Series 15
Publications by Ernest Westlake, Justin B. Delair and others, 1853-1985, part 2
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A sheet of folded white paper entitled: 'Publications by or about E. Westlake, or associated with his particular interests'. This is a continuation of WEST00362, part 1.

Includes the following publications:

Moir, Reid J. 1923?: The Great Flint Implements of Cromer, Norfolk. Has a note, in pencil, inside the front cover explaining that this 'came from University of Southamptom, 1999'. [This work remains under copyright until 2013] [images2-49].

Westlake, Jean Sandy Balls For All Seasons, Gods Hill, Fordingbridge, Hampshire, Sandy Balls Press [this work is under copyright - the full work has not been imaged]. [images 50-54].

Also includes original and photocopied newspaper clippings realted to stone implements from 1939 and 1981 [?].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder: III.(ii).
Date range 1923 - c. 2000    Quantity 2.5 cm, 1 file
Formats General Publications, News Clippings and Photocopied Documents
Inventory Identifier WEST00363 Box Number 2 Series 15

Published by the The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre and the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, August 2010
Listed by Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy
HTML edition
Updated 14 February 2017
http://web.esrc.unimelb.edu.au/WEST/WESS15.htm

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