Series 4 - Exercise Books: Tasmania 1909 - 1910
Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford


Date Range1908? - 1912?
Quantity20 volumes
ProvenanceWestlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Description

This series comprises 20 lined exercise books with various grey and blue card-board covers. Ernest Westlake has numbered some of the notebooks, but this guide refers to the numbers (1-20) allocated by Rebe Taylor in 2000. The pages in the exercise books are mostly unnumbered; when referring to particular entries this guide uses the image numbers, each of which includes two pages of an open exercise book.

With the exception of exercise book 7 (which was written by Joseph Paxton Moir in 1910) they all contain notes made by Ernest Westlake dating from (approximately) early 1908 to 1912. [See note below].They mostly include detailed references to colonial Government records, early newspapers and various published sources relating to Tasmanian Aborigines.

Exercise book 4 includes notes from the papers of Hobart photographer John Watt Beattie; exercise book 20 includes reflections about Tasmanian stone tools by Joseph Paxton Moir. Exercise books 15-17 include what appear to be Ernest Westlake’s attempts to organise his findings on Tasmanian Aboriginal culture into listed anthropological categories; exercise books 18-20 include what appear to be research notes Ernest Westlake made in England, possibly before travelling to Tasmania in 1908.

Further notes and cross references:

Westlake wrote to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake on 28 February 1910 that he was reading Government Records relating to the Aborigines; on 20 March 1910 he wrote to them again reporting that he had finished reading the final volume of those records: images 2-4, 16-18, WEST00025, Letters to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake 28 February 1910 and 20 March 1910, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: February 1910 - October 1910', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers.

The book and folder numbers shown in the 'Control' field under each item were assigned by Rebe Taylor 2000.


Inventory Listing

Exercise Book 1 - Government Records relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines 1838-1839
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover and arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover. It is numbered '1' in pencil, possibly by Ernest Westlake, on the first lined page.

This exercise book includes 39 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on alternate pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes are entitled 'Government Records'. They refer to official reports relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines from 1838-1839. Ernest Westlake has noted the dates and authors of the reports and also the records' archival 'reference' numbers in the margin.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 1
Date range 1908 - 1910    Quantity 0.5 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00307 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 2 - Government Records relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines 1837-1838
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover and arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover. It is numbered '2' in pencil, possibly by Ernest Westlake, on the first lined page.

This exercise book includes 41 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on alternate pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes are entitled 'Government Records' . They refer to official reports regarding the Tasmanian Aborigines from 1837-1838. Ernest Westlake has noted the dates and authors of the reports and also the records' archival 'reference' numbers in the left hand margin.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 2
Date range 1908 - 1910    Quantity 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00308 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 3 - Government Records relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines 1826-1827
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover and arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover. It is numbered '3' in pencil, possibly by Ernest Westlake, on the first lined page.

This exercise book includes 35 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on alternate pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes are entitled 'Government Records: (contin)' and refer to official reports regarding the Tasmanian Aborigines from 1826-1827. Ernest Westlake has noted the dates and authors of the reports and also the records' archival 'reference' numbers in the left hand margin. Image 38 (the final page in the notebook) includes a list of numbers entitled: 'Aborigines references looked up'.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 3
Date range 1908 - 1910    Quantity 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00309 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 4 - 'Copies' of notes by John Watt Beattie and early Tasmanian colonial newspapers relating to Tasmanian Aborigines from 1828-1876
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover and arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover. It is numbered '1' in pencil, possibly by Ernest Westlake, on the first lined page. An entry near the end of this exercise book [image 35] is dated by Ernest Westlake as ‘May 1910’ suggesting that this exercise book was written about that time.

This exercise book includes 76 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake on both sides of the pages.

The first 49 double-sided pages [images 2-26] of Exercise Book 4 are filled with notes Ernest Westlake has entitled: ‘Copies of M. S. [manuscript] notes by J. W. Beattie'. It appears that Ernest Westlake has transcribed, often in full, papers collected by John Watt Beattie, possibly in his presence - there are two entries [images 25 and 26] headed ‘Mr Beattie told me/adds’ followed by personal comments relating to the records.

The remaining 27 pages in Exercise Book 4 [images 27-41] include 25 pages of notes from colonial newspaper articles dating from 1828-1876 relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines. It is not clear if these notes are also 'copies' from John Watt Beattie's papers or where made elsewhere. Half a page of notes entitled 'literature gone through' [image 40] lists the titles of colonial newspapers and the years that Ernest Westlake has consulted in reference to articles relating to Tasmanian Aborigines.

Image 29 includes a small piece of white paper with a note by Rebe Taylor written in 2000 explaining that 1 loose leaf page of rough notes by Ernest Westlake was removed from these pages. This page is numbered 'folio 4a': [image 2, WEST00327, 'Looseleaf notes removed from Exercise Books 1-20', Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Ernest Westlake’s ‘copies’ of John Watt Beattie’s notes include several references to, and texts written by, George H. Rayner: 1 page of notes entitled 'Interview with Mr G. H. Rayner New Norfolk Aug 29 1896'; [image 2, and image 17 under the title: ‘The last fight of the Aborigines. Beattie’s MS journal Aug 29 1896’ ]; 6 pages of notes entitled: 'The Last Murderous Attack by Aboriginals in Tasmania’ by G. H. Rayner, dated 28 June 1897 [images 4-7]; 3 pages of notes entitled ‘Customs of Aboriginals in Tasmania’ [images 7-8] by G. H. Rayner dated 28 June 1897; and a letter from G. H. Rayner dated 23 April 1898 that includes a description of how Tasmanian Aboriginal people made fire [image 8].

Ernest Westlake’s ‘copies’ of John Watt Beattie’s notes also include the following:

2 pages of notes entitled 're Fanny Smith - letter from Rev. A. G. Holden, Weslyan Parsonage, Dunkheld, Victoria, 3 Jany. 1896' [image 3].

9 pages of notes entitled 'Interview with Fanny Cochrane Smith at Port Cygnet. June 1898. Questions asked by sub-inspector Cook, and the replies written down by the Police Inspector of Port Cygnet' [images 9-13].

4 pages of notes entitled ‘Extracts from the M. S. Journals of James Backhouse and George Washington Walker 1832 Vol 1’ [images 13-15].

2 and a half pages of notes entitled ‘Report on the Aboriginal Settlement on Flinders Island’ [images 15-16].

Half a page of notes that mostly list the dates of newspaper articles from the Colonial Times newspaper of 1829 [image 16].

5 and a half pages of notes entitled ‘Circumstances attending the death of William Lanne the last male Tasmanian’ by Alexander Morton [17-20].

(Approximately) 4 pages of notes from the Hobart Town Courier of 1831 relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines [images 20-22].

1 page of listed years entitled ‘number of convicts introduced into Tasmania’ [image 22].

1 page of notes entitled ‘Treatment of Native Women. Information from Mr. C. Stevens Cape Barren Island’ including notes from J. Ronald Gunn, 30 August 1868’ referring to a Tasmanian vocabulary by Joseph Milligan.

2 letters to John Watt Beattie from Mrs George Augustus Robinson’s of 18 December 1866 and 17 February 1867 [image 22].

(Approximately) 2 pages of notes from a letter from James Calder dating from April 1876 that makes reference to Tasmanian vocabularies by Alexander McKay and ‘Robert’ and George August Robinson [images 22-23].

3 pages entitled ‘Books on Tasmania’ [images 24-25].

Half a page of notes entitled ‘circumstances surrounding the death of Wm. Lanne. (Cont’d). Mr Beattie told me the sequal’ [image 25].

1 and a half pages entitled ‘Death of Trucanini From the "Tasmanian Tribune" 9th May 1876’ [images 25-26].

Half a page of notes entitled ‘Mr Beattie adds’ followed by his personal comments [image 26].

Further notes and cross references:

In the following description, the references in square brackets that indicate only image numbers refer to: WEST00301, 'Exercise book 4', Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers.

Part of the 'Interview with Mr G. H. Rayner New Norfolk Aug 29 1896' is copied on a sheet of paper: [image 5, WEST00011, ‘Copy of M.S. notes by J. W. Beattie’, 'Correspondence from Priscilla Wells, John Watt Beattie, Fritz Noetling and others, papers relating to Westlake's arrival in Hobart, Tasmanian Aboriginal practices, stone tools, colonial encounters and Truganini: 1889 - 1911', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Ernest Westlake interviewed George H. Rayner on 7 January 1909: [images 16-17, WEST00002, 'Notebook 2', pages 25-27, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

For further notes and cross references relating to the 9 pages of notes entitled 'Interview with Fanny Cochrane Smith at Port Cygnet. June 1898. Questions asked by sub-inspector Cook, and the replies written down by the Police Inspector of Port Cygnet' [images 9-13] see: WEST00003, ‘Notebook 3’, Series 3, in Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy, Stories in Stone: an annotated history and guide to the collections and papers of Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2012.

Ernest Westlake’s references to George H. Rayner and Fanny Cochrane Smith in Exercise Book 4 are referred to, and in some cases duplicated, in the Roth Papers, University of Manchester Museum in the following ways:

1. 'Interview with Mr G. H. Rayner New Norfolk Aug 29 1896' [image 2]. This is listed as 'Extract from Diary August 29th 1896 by J. W Beattie’ in ‘XXVV Various MSS’, Roth Papers, University of Manchester Museum. This extract was enclosed in a letter to Henry Ling Roth from John Watt Beattie of 2 November 1896 which is part of correspondence from 1893-1897, 'XIX Aborigines of Tasmania 12 letters from John Watt Beattie H. Ling Roth’, Roth Papers, University of Manchester Museum.

2. 're Fanny Smith - letter from Rev. A. G. Holden, Weslyan Parsonage, Dunkheld, Victoria, 3 Jany. 1896' [image 3]. The original copy of this letter is kept in ‘XVI Aborigines of Tasmania Various MSS H Ling Roth’ of the Roth Papers. It was enclosed in a letter to Henry Ling Roth from John Watt Beattie of 11 January 1897. In a letter to Roth of 2 November 1896, Beattie explained that he was hoping to get a letter from a Weslyan clergyman who ‘took a great interest’ in Fanny Cochrane Smith. These 2 letters are part of correspondence from 1893-1897, 'XIX Aborigines of Tasmania 12 letters from John Watt Beattie H. Ling Roth’, Roth Papers, University of Manchester Museum.

3. 'The Last Murderous Attack by Aboriginals in Tasmania’ by George H. Rayner, dated 28 June 1897 [images 4-7]. This is listed as '1. The last murderous attack of the Tasmanian Aboriginals. 2. Customs of Aboriginals in Tasmania Raynor [sic]' in ‘XII Aborigines of Tasmania Original MSS H. Ling Roth’, Roth Papers, University of Manchester Museum. It appears to be in Rayner's hand. Also in the Roth Papers is: a letter to John Watt Beattie from G. H. Rayner of 11 February 1897 stating his manuscript will soon be available; a letter to Henry Ling Roth from John Watt Beattie of 10 July 1897 enclosing Rayner's manuscript and 2 earlier letters to Roth from Beattie that refer to Rayner's manuscript. These letters from part of correspondence from 1893-1897, ' XIX Aborigines of Tasmania 12 letters from John Watt Beattie H. Ling Roth’, Roth Papers, University of Manchester Museum.

4. A letter from George H. Rayner dated 23 April 1898 [image 8]. This letter, headed 'copy' and addressed to James Backhouse Walker from G. H. Rayner of 20 April 1898, is listed among 'XVII Various MSS' in the Roth Papers. It was enclosed in a letter to Henry Ling Roth from James Backhouse Walker on 20 May 1898, and is among correspondence from 1891-1899, 'XX Thirty-two letters from J. B. Walker', Roth Papers, the University of Manchester Museum. G. H. Rayner's letter includes a description of how the Tasmanian Aborigines made fire that was published in ‘Appendix H’ of Roth, 1889: 1xxxxviii.

Note: The 'Interview with Fanny Cochrane Smith at Port Cygnet. June 1898’ [images 9-13] is not referred to in the Roth Papers, possibly as it could not have been sent to Henry Ling Roth before the 1899 edition of The Aborigines of Tasmania went to print.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 4
Date range 1908 - 1910    Quantity 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00310 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 5 - Early Tasmanian colonial newspapers relating to Tasmanian Aborigines from 1826-1830
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover and arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover. It is numbered '2' in pencil, possibly by Ernest Westlake, on the first lined page.

This exercise book includes 43 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on alternate pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes refer mostly to colonial newspaper articles relating to Tasmanian Aborigines from 1826-1830. Other notes in Exercise Book 5 include 3 pages of notes refering to newspaper articles from 1869 and 1876 [images 2-3]; half a pages of notes entitled 'Records relating to the Aborigines Vol 17' [image 26] and 2 pages listing names entitled 'The Van Diemen's Land Society' [images 27-28].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 5
Date range 1908 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Loose Notes
Inventory Identifier WEST00311 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 6 - Early Tasmanian colonial newspapers relating to Tasmanian Aborigines from 1829-1869
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover and arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover. It is entitled '(No. 3) Newspapers' in pencil, possibly by Ernest Westlake on the first lined page.

This exercise book includes 40 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on alternate pages.The remaining pages are blank.

These notes refer mostly to colonial newspaper articles from 1826-1830 relating to Tasmanian Aborigines. Other notes in Exercise Book 5 include 3 pages of notes referring to newspaper articles from 1869 and 1876 [images 2-3]; half a pages of notes entitled 'Records relating to the Aborigines Vol 17' [image 26] and 2 pages of listed names entitled 'The Van Diemen's Land Society' [images 27-28].

Note that Ernest Westlake has dated 1 newspaper reference ‘March 16 1910’ [image 26]. This looks to be an error, with the reference more likely from 1869; Westlake may have mistakenly put down the year he was making the notes.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 6
Date range 1908 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00312 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 7 - Extracts from "Report of Aborigines' Committee", Hobart, March 1830 by Joseph Paxton Moir, May 1910
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover. Also on the cover is a handwritten title: 'Extracts from "Report of Aborigines' Committee", Hobart, March, 1830. J. P. Moir May 1910'. There are arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover. It is numbered '4' in pencil, possibly by Ernest Westlake, on the first lined page.

This exercise book includes 43 pages of handwritten notes by Joseph Paxton Moir mostly on alternate pages. The remaining pages are blank. All but the final 3 pages have been numbered by Joseph Paxton Moir.

These notes on colonial Tasmanian Government records. The first 13 pages [images 2-14] are entitled 'Hobart, 19th March 1830' and are described as 'Extracts from Report placed before His Excellency the Governor by the Committee appointed to inquire into the origins of the hostility of the Black Natives'.

The verso side of page 13 [image 15] states: 'The Following are Extracts from Minutes of Evidence taken before the Committee for the Affairs of the Aborigines of Tasmania' and are dated 23 February 1830. These notes end on page 40 [image 40] where they are signed 'J. Paxton Moir' May 1910.

The final 3 pages of this exercise book are filled with notes entitled 'Note re Character of Natives'.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 7
Date range 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00313 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 8 - Colonial government records relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines Vols 2, 3 and 4 (part), 1829-1832
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover and arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover.

This exercise book includes 42 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on alternate pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes on colonial Tasmanian Government records and are entitled: ''Vol.3 Papers relative to the Aborigines of V.D.L., arranged chronologically: - From Robinson (George Augustus) Reports. Records Relating to the Aborigines Vols 2 + 3+ 4 (part of) in the Govt. Record Office Hobart, Tas.' There are some notes made in pencil in the margins. Most of the remaining pages are blank.

Also written on the top of this first page, in square brackets, is the note: '[Vol. 2 does not exist or is missing]'. But a note by Ernest Westlake at the bottom of this page appears to explain why this is so: 'The 2nd Vol of the series is marked "No. 2 and No. 3", and on the front cover as "No. 3". It contains no internal divisions + I refer to it as Vol. 3.'

The first 23 pages of this exercise book [images 2-24] are notes taken from what Ernest Westlake has titled 'Vol 3.', and refer to the reports to Government by George Augustus Robinson from 1829-1831.

The remaining 18 pages of notes [images 25-41] are from 'Vol 4' and refer to the reports to Government by George Augustus Robinson from 1821-1832. The final page [image 41] states 'Vol. 4 (to be continued)-'.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 8
Date range 1909 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00314 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 9 - Colonial government records relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines Vols 4 (part), 5, 6, 7 (part) 1829-1834
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover and arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover.

This exercise book includes 42 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on alternate pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes on colonial Tasmanian Government records are entitled: 'Vol. .4 (contin.) From Robinson (George Augustus) Reports. Records Relating to the Aborigines vols 4 (part), 4, 5, 6, and 7 (part), in the Govt. Record Office Hobart, Tas.' They include the following:

'Vol 4.' (reports to Government by George Augustus Robinson from 1832-1834): 11 pages [images 2-12]

'Vol. 5', entitled 'Reports from Officers Other Than Robinson'' (from 1832-1834): 15 pages [images 13-26] .

'Vol. 6', entitled 'Papers relating to and Reports to the Committee formed for the purpose of superintending matters relative to the Aborigines Vol. VI' (from 1832-1834): 2 and a half pages [images 27-29].

'Vol.7' (reports made to Government by various authors, mostly dating from 1829): 13 pages [images 29-41].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 9
Date range 1909 - 1910    Quantity 1 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00315 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 10 - Colonial government records relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines Vols 7 (part) and 10 (part), 1827-1832
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover and arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover.

This exercise book includes 40 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on alternate pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes on colonial Tasmanian Government records are entitled: 'Vol. 7. (contin.).' There are some notes in pencil in the margins.

The first 25 pages of this exercise book [images 2-26] are notes entitled 'Records relating to the Aborigines Vols 7 (part) in the Government Records Office, Hobart, Tasmania', and refer to reports by various authors submitted to the colonial Government from 1828-1832.
The remaining 15 pages are notes entitled 'Reports related to the Aborigines Vol 10'. A note written above this title states '(vols 8 + 9 contain nothing)'. These notes refer to reports by various authors submitted to the colonial Government from 1827-1832. Ernest Westlake has written 'Vol 10. - To be (continued-' on the final page [image 41].

Further notes and cross references:

The notes from Vol. 7 include a report of how a 'detachment' of Mr Gilbert Roberston's party kept watch over a 'native flint quarry' at Kearney's Bogs, Oatlands in 1829. Ernest Westlake visited this quarry in June 1910: [images 71-79, WEST00025, Letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake from Ernest Westlake 8 June 1910, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: February 1910 - October 1910', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Ernest Westlake also made notes about Kearny's Bogs quarry in: [image 68,WEST00006,' Notebook 6', Series 3, page 131, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 10
Date range 1909 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00316 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 11 - Colonial government records relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines, Vols 10 (part), 11, 12, 13, and 14 (part), 1829-1835
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover and arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover.

This exercise book includes 40 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on alternate pages. There are some notes in pencil in the margins. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes on colonial Tasmanian Government records entitled: ''Vol. 10 (contin.) Records relating to the Aborigines Vol. 10 (contin.) MSS in the Government Record Office, Hobart'. These notes also include references to Vols. 11, 12, 13 and 14 as follows:

'Vol. 10' (reports by various authors submitted to the colonial Government in 1830): 18 and a half pages [images 2-20].

'Vol. 11', entitled "The Line" (reports by various authors submitted to the colonial Government in 1830): 2 pages [images 20-22].

'Vol. 12' (reports by various authors submitted to the colonial Government from 1835-1838):13 pages [images 22-33].

'Vol 13' (reports by Edward Curr in 1829): 1 and a half pages [images 34-35].

'Vol 14' (reports by various authors from 1829-1833): 6 pages of notes [images 36-41]. Ernest Westlake has written 'Vol. 14 (to be continued) -' at the base of the last of these pages [image 41].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 11
Date range 1909 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00317 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 12 - Colonial government records relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines, Vols 14 (part), 15, 16, 17, and 18 (part), 1824-1834
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover and arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover.
This exercise book includes 41 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on alternate pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes on colonial Tasmanian Government records are entitled: 'Vol. 14 (contin.) "Records relating to the Aborigines" . MSS in the Govt Record Office, Hobart'. They also include notes on Vols. 15, 16, 17 and 18, as follows:

‘Vol. 14. (contin.)’, (reports by various authors submitted to the colonial Government in 1833-1834): 10 pages [images 2-11].

'Vol. 15', entitled 'Schedule of Govert. Orders, Notices, Proclamations, etc. relative to the Natives' (a list dating from 1824-1830): 1 and a half pages [images 12-13].

'Vol. 16' (a report made to the Government by Sam Lancaster dated 1828): half page of notes [image 13].

'Vol. 17' (reports by various authors made to the Government from 1829-1831): 18 and a half pages of notes [images 14-31].

'Vol. 18', entitled ‘Gilbert Roberson's [sic: the correct spelling is Gilbert Robertson] Reports and Papers connected with this mission in pursuit of the Aborigines' (from mostly 1829-1830): 10 pages [images 32-41]. Ernest Westlake has written '(Vol. 18. to be contin.) -' at the base of the last of these pages [image 41].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 12
Date range 1909 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00318 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 13 - Colonial government records relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines, Vol. 18 (part), 1829
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Derwent Exercise Book, J. Walch and Sons, Educational Booksellers, Hobart’ with a photograph of the Derwent River near New Norfolk on the front cover and arithmetical and multiplication tables on the back cover.

This exercise book includes 19 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on alternate pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes on colonial Tasmanian Government records are entitled: 'Vol. 18 (contin.) "Records relating to the Aborigines". MSS in the Govt Record Office, Hobart'. They refer to reports by various authors submitted to the colonial Government, most from 1829.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 13
Date range 1909 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00319 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 14 - 'Talks with a Naturalist' by the Reverend Henry Dresser Atkinson, Church News, 1905 and other notes
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘Blank Exercise Book - Name - Class - School’ on the front cover.

This exercise book includes 10 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on alternate pages. The remaining pages are blank.

The first 7 and a half pages [images 2-9] are entitled: ‘Rev. Atkinson from "Talks with a Naturalist", Church News, Hobart, April 1, 1905, July 1, Aug. [August] 1.'

This is followed by a references to James Kelly's journals and to the Launceston Daily Telegraph of 1899 [image 10] and, on the final pages, some lists that have been crossed through [image 12].

Image 13 includes a small piece of white paper with a note by Rebe Taylor written in 2000 explaining that 1 loose leaf page of rough notes by Ernest Westlake was removed from these pages. This loose leaf page is numbered 'folio 14a': [image 4, WEST00327, 'Looseleaf notes removed from Exercise Books 1-20', Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Further notes and cross references:

Ernest Westlake interviewed the Reverend Henry Dresser Atkinson on 27 November 1908: [images 2-4, 10-12, WEST00010, 'Notebook 2', pages 1-7, 19-23, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

For more detail and cross references relating to the Reverend Henry Dresser Atkinson see: [WEST00002, ‘Notebook 2’, Series 3, in Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy, Stories in Stone: an annotated history and guide to the collections and papers of Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2012.]

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 14
Date range 1909 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00320 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 15 - Working Notes
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘Blank Exercise Book - Name - Class - School’ on the front cover.

This exercise book includes 19 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake on both sides of the pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes comprise a series of lists under various anthropological headings, possibly the result of Ernest Westlake's attempts to organise his anthropological research in Tasmania, as he explained he hoped to do in a letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake: [images 20-21, WEST00022, Letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake from Ernest Westlake, 7 February 1909, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: December 1908 - April 1909', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 15
Date range 1909 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00321 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 16 - Working Notes
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A grey, lined exercise book with the title: ‘Blank Exercise Book - Name - Class - School’ on the front cover.

This exercise book includes 14 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake on both sides of the pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes comprise a series of lists under various anthropological headings.

Ernest Westlake explained he hoped to organise his anthropological research in a letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake: [images 20-21, WEST00022, Letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake from Ernest Westlake, 7 February 1909, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: December 1908 - April 1909', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 16
Date range 1909 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00322 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 17 - Research Notes - 'General'
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A blue, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Museum Note Book - Clarke and Davies - Fancy and Commercial Stationers and Photographic Publishers, 38, Museum Street, W.C.’ with a lithograph of the British Museum on the front cover. The exercise book is entitled 'General' in pencil on the first lined page.

This exercise book includes 31 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on both sides of the pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes include names and addresses of scholars of Tasmania [image 2]; bibliographical references relating to Tasmanian Aborigines [images 2-3, 6-8]; lists of Tasmanian collections in British museums [images 4, 6]; a list of museums in Australia [image 5]; 18 pages of detailed notes from various early histories of Tasmania [images 8-18]; and a list of bibliographical references relating to eoliths [image 22].

Images 3 and 13 each include a small piece of white paper with a note by Rebe Taylor written in 2000 explaining that loose leaf pages have been removed from these pages. From image 3: a newspaper clipping (J. W. Beattie 'Our Straits Islands', The Mercury, 17 June 1911. From image 13: 4 loose leaf pages that include the addresses of people (some Tasmanian) with whom Westlake corresponded or visited, and other travel arrangements. These pages have been numbered 'folios' 17a, 17b, 17c, 17d, 17e and 17f: [images 5-14, WEST00327, 'Looseleaf notes removed from Exercise Books 1-20', Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Ernest Westlake may have made these notes in London, possibly before his journey to Tasmania in 1908 or after his return in 1910; the exercise book is from a stationer near the British Museum, and the notes are all from sources that were available in London in 1908.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 17
Date range 1908? - 1911?    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00323 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 18 - Research Notes - 'Use'
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A blue, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Museum Note Book - Clarke and Davies - Fancy and Commercial Stationers and Photographic Publishers, 38, Museum Street, W.C.’ with a lithograph of the British Museum on the front cover. The exercise book is entitled 'use' in pencil on the first lined page.

This exercise book includes 16 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on both sides of the pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes include references to various early anthropological and historical sources about Tasmanian Aborigines, most of which are under subject headings such as 'tree climbing', 'scarification', 'war' and 'cutting up opossums'.

Ernest Westlake may have made these notes in London, possibly before his journey to Tasmania in 1908 or after his return in 1910; the exercise book is from a stationer near the British Museum, and the notes are all from sources that were available in London in 1908.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 18
Date range 1908 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00324 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 19 - Research Notes - 'Manufacture'
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A blue, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Museum Note Book - Clarke and Davies - Fancy and Commercial Stationers and Photographic Publishers, 38, Museum Street, W.C.’ with a lithograph of the British Museum on the front cover. The exercise book is entitled 'manufacture' in pencil on the first lined page.

This exercise book includes 7 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on both sides of the pages. The remaining pages are blank.

These notes include references to various anthropological sources about the manufacture of stone tools in several different cultures.

Images 6 and 7 each include a small piece of white paper with a note by Rebe Taylor written in 2000 explaining that loose leaf pages have been removed from these pages. From image 6: 2 letters, possibly to Ernest Westlake, from H. S. Kingford of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 1 undated, 1 dated 16 February 1908. From image 7: 2 photographs, possibly of an isthmus in Tasmania. These pages have been numbered 'folios' 19a, 19b, 19c and 19d: [images 15-19, WEST00327, 'Looseleaf notes removed from Exercise Books 1-20', Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Ernest Westlake may have made these notes in London, possibly before his journey to Tasmania in 1908 or after his return in 1910; the exercise book is from a stationer near the British Museum, and the notes are all from sources that were available in London in 1908.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 19
Date range 1909 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00325 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Exercise Book 20 - Research Notes - 'Quarries and Workshops'
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A blue, lined exercise book with the title: ‘The Museum Note Book - Clarke and Davies - Fancy and Commercial Stationers and Photographic Publishers, 38, Museum Street, W.C.’ with a lithograph of the British Museum on the front cover. The exercise book is entitled 'Quarries and Workshops' in pencil on the first lined page.

This exercise book includes 17 pages of handwritten notes by Ernest Westlake mostly on both sides of the pages. The remaining pages are blank.

The first 4 pages of these notes [images 2-5] include references to various anthropological sources about making stone tools in several different cultures.

This is followed by 8 and a half pages of notes [images 6-10] made in reference to: Edward Burnett Tylor, 1900.

The final page of notes includes references to photographing stone tools and quarries in Tasmania [image 10].

Ernest Westlake may have made these notes in London, possibly before his journey to Tasmania in 1908 or after his return in 1910; the exercise book is from a stationer near the British Museum, and the notes are all from sources that were available in London in 1908.

Further notes and cross references:

Ernest Westlake has made a sketch [image 7] of a photograph from the above article by Edward Burnett Tylor. This photograph is entitled: ‘A special form of spear axe - Tasmanian Aborigines’ and was taken in the Hobart studio of John Watt Beattie. A copy of this photograph is kept in: WEST00335, 1998.466, Series 7, Westlake Collection, Photograph Collections, Pitt Rivers Museum.

For more details about this photograph see: WEST00335, 'A special form of spear axe - Tasmanian Aborigines', Series 7, in Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy, Stories in Stone: an annotated history and guide to the collections and papers of Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2012.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Number 20
Date range 1909 - 1910    Quantity 0.7 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00326 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Looseleaf notes removed from Exercise Books 4, 14, 17 and 19
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Contains a manila folder entitled: ' Westlake Coll Folder 1 Box 5 looseleaf notes removed from Exercise b\Books 1-20 [notes left in exercise books where originally found]'. Rebe Taylor named this folder in 2000 and gave each loose leaf note a folio number.

This folder contains:

9 loose leaf pieces of paper of various sizes and 2 photographs that were removed from Exercise Books 4, 14, 17 and 19 by Rebe Taylor in 2000, and replaced with notes between the pages where they were originally kept. These notes indicated that the papers were placed in a manila folder and attributed a number according to the exercise book from which they were taken, followed by a letter. These papers include:

From Exercise Book 4: rough notes by Westlake concerning newspaper dates and references [images 2-3, WEST00310, 'Exercise Book 4', Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

From Exercise Book 14: a list of subjects related to traditional Tasmanian Aboriginal life [image 4, WEST00320, 'Exercise Book 14', Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

From Exercise Book 17: newspaper clipping: J. W. Beattie, 'Our Straits Islands' The Mercury, 17 June 1911 [folio 17a, images 5-10]; 4 loose leaf pages that include the addresses of people (some Tasmanian) whom Westlake corresponded with, or visited and other travel arrangements [images 11-14, WEST00323, 'Exercise Book 17', Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

From Exercise Book 19: 2 letters, probably to Ernest Westlake, from H. S. Kingford of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 1 undated that lists references from the Journal of the Anthropological Insitute and 1 dated 16 February 1908. Westlake has added notes on both letters in his own hand [images 15-17]; 2 unnamed photographs of an isthmus, possibly in Tasmania [images 18-19; WEST00325, 'Exercise Book 19', Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Box 5, Folder 1
Date range 1908 - 1911    Quantity 0.5 cm, 1 folder
Formats Loose Notes
Inventory Identifier WEST00327 Box Number 5 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 4
Australian Joint Copying Project - Ernest Westlake Papers - Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford - M2413-2414
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Digital copy of the list of material from the Ernest Westlake Papers copied as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project in 1988, with handwritten annotations by Rebe Taylor.

Creator Taylor, Rebe (1971- )
Date range 1988    Quantity 5 digital images
Formats digital numeric, text, sound and graphic or video inf
Inventory Identifier WEST00348 Series 4

Published by the The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre and the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, August 2010
Listed by Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy
HTML edition
Updated 14 February 2017
http://web.esrc.unimelb.edu.au/WEST/WESS04.htm

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